Sugarcane is divided into three types such as Early, General and final. Sugarcane seeds or pieces are usually sown between February and October each year and its produced all year. The first seed to germinate is called a plant and the plant harvested from the stem is called a ratoon. its in farm for 16 months, but some farmer plant grows in 14 month. All farmers within our plant boundaries receive a calendar showing when they can expect to receive their wheat allocation tickets to ship their produce. Sugar making process we will understand
Farmers then harvest the sugar and take it to the mill. Sometimes sugar is also sold at factories in command areas, from where it is transported to the factories by truck or train. Sugars are weighed and loaded into sugar carriers using sugar bridges. and be prepared for grinders, cutters, and furnaces. Use a three-roller mill to press the processed sugar to remove the sugar water. The extracted water is filtered and sent to the bar for further processing. The remaining sludge is sent to the boiler for use as steam fuel. its benefits to save cost of making .sugar making process we will study now.
Heat the water and add lemon juice and sulfur dioxide. The used water is heated and sent to clarifiers to achieve a constant concentration. The settled sludge is filtered through a vacuum filter, the clean water is returned for further processing, and the Oliver filter cake is discharged. Light water is evaporated into water, heated with sulfur dioxide, and then sent to a vacuum pot for concentration and sugar extraction. Break the crystals into required sizes and drop the crystallized pieces into the crystals to remove as much sugar from the mother liquor as possible. This is called a centrifuge and is used to separate the crystals from the molasses. Boil the molasses again to increase crystallinity. Therefore, gradually remove the first liquid (three times three times) until there is no cocoa liquid that can be removed from the sugar. This liquid, called final molasses, is sent to the distillery to make alcohol. The sugar separated from the molasses in a centrifuge is dried, bagged, weighed and sent to the warehouse.
Sugar Grades and Groups:-
Sugar is produced in different grades and grades such as high, medium and low. some give number for different grade. . groups : suspended matters, colour, sugar ash, turbidity, microbes, and contamination metals.
Food safety requirements is mandatory that helps quality and detect contamination part in the final sugar products must meet food
grade quality. Turbidity, mostly consists of macromolecules such as polysaccharides, dextran’s, starch, waxes, gum, need to be removed for customers’ quality control. during the processes of decolorization and finally by tight filtration via filter presses with diatomaceous earth (DE). Colour and ash removal are optional, depending on customers
UNIT OPERATIONS IN SUGAR REFINERY:-
•Raw Sugar Storage / Handling
•Crystallization & Centrifuging
•Drying, Cooling & Packing
Sugar is very important part of life so need to be there food hygiene and cleaning. the most sugar factories in india solapur district.
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